The London's Poverty Profile website uses cookies to give you the best possible experience. By continuing, we will assume you are happy to receive all cookies on the website. More information on cookies can be found on our privacy page.

Unemployment ratio over time

Key points

  • In 2014, the unemployment ratio was slightly higher in London than the rest of England. The ratio in Inner London in 2014 was 5.6%; Outer London was 5.2%; and the rest of England was slightly lower at 4.8%.
  • In 1994, over 16% of the working-age population of Inner London were unemployed. By 2001, this had declined to 7.3%.
  • The gap between Outer London and the rest of England has also generally declined.

Unemployment ratio over time

What does this graph show?

In 2014, the unemployment ratio was slightly higher in London than the rest of England. The ratio in Inner London in 2014 was 5.6%; Outer London was 5.2%; and the rest of England was slightly lower at 4.8%. This represents a very substantial convergence over time, mainly due to a much improved labour market performance in Inner London. In 1994, over 16% of the working-age population of Inner London were unemployed. By 2001, this had declined to 7.3%.

In the 1990s, the unemployment ratio in Inner London was five percentage points higher than the rest of England, whereas Outer London was on average 1 percentage point higher. The gap between Inner London and the rest of England has declined nearly every year in the time series shown, to 0.8 percentage points higher in 2014. The gap between Outer London and the rest of England has also generally declined.

Data used

Labour Force Survey, ONS.

Indicator last updated: 20 October 2015