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London's population by sub-region

Key points

  • The population of Inner East & South London increased by 21% in the decade to 2014, more than any other sub-region.
  • Population density of Inner London at over 10,000 people per square kilometre is more than double that of Outer London at around 4,000.
  • The Inner East & South and Outer West & Northwest have the highest proportion of people from BME (non-White) backgrounds - 48% and 46% respectively.
  • The proportion of people not born in the UK is highest in the Inner West at 44%, higher than the proportion of people from BME groups at 32%.

London's population by sub-region

What does this table show?

The population of Inner East & South London increased by 21% in the decade to 2014, more than any other sub-region. The Inner West saw the slowest growth at 7% similar to the rest of England. Population density of Inner London at over 10,000 people per square kilometre is more than double that of Outer London at around 4,000. At either end of the spectrum, Bromley and Havering have just over 2,000 people per square km compared to almost 15,000 in Islington.

The Census showed that the Inner East & South and Outer West & Northwest have the highest proportion of people from BME (non-White) backgrounds - 48% and 46% respectively. But the proportion of people not born in the UK is highest in the Inner West at 44%, higher than the proportion of people from BME groups at 32%. Outer London has seen the biggest change in the relative size of these groups. In the 10 years to 2011, the proportion of the population from BME groups in the Outer East & North East rose by 16 percentage points; it rose by 11 percentage points in the other Outer sub-regions and by 8 percentage points in the Inner London sub-regions.

Data used

ONS mid-year population estimates for 2004 and 2014 except for the ethnic minority and non-UK-born data which is from the Census 2011.

BME (Black and minority ethic) refers to all non-white ethnic groups.

Indicator last updated: 20 October 2015