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Population & geography

Key points

  • In 2015, the population of London is 8.7 million - 3.4 million in Inner London and 5.2 million in Outer London. By 2021 the figures are expected to increase to 3.7 million for Inner London and 5.6 million for Outer London.
  • London has a higher proportion of people aged 25 to 34 than the rest of England, particularly Inner London. It also has a higher proportion of children aged 0 to 4 and a lower proportion of people aged 50 or over.
  • Inner London has a higher proportion of single person (28%) and multi-family households (18%) than the rest of England. The proportion in Outer London lies between Inner London and the rest of England.
  • The population of Inner East & South grew by 21% over the last decade, faster than any other London sub-region. Population growth was slowest in the Inner West at 7%, similar to the rest of England.
  • Population density in Inner London is more than 10,000 people per square km, compared with 4,000 in Outer London and 400 on average in the rest of England.
  • The Inner East & South London and Outer West & North West have the highest proportion of black and minority ethnic (BME, which does not include white minority groups) population at 48% and 46% respectively. The Inner West has the highest proportion of the population not born in the UK at 43%.
  • The proportion of the population from a BME group has increased most in Outer London. In the 10 years to 2011 it rose by 16 percentage points in the Outer East and North East, by 11 percentage points in the other Outer London sub-regions and by 8 percentage points in the Inner London sub-regions.
  • The number of people born in India, Pakistan and Poland rose substantially between 2004 and 2013, while the number from Bangladesh and Ireland fell.
  • In recent years net migration in London has been relatively stable. More people move to London from abroad than the other way round, but more leave London for the rest of the UK than the other way around.