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Child, adult and pensioner poverty

Key points

  • Inner London has a higher poverty rate than Outer London but both have a higher poverty rate than the rest of England.
  • Children in Inner London had the highest poverty rate at 46%, 13 percentage points higher than in Outer London and 20 percentage points higher than in the rest of England. But these gaps are smaller than they were a decade ago.
  • The pensioner poverty rate has seen the most significant fall over the last ten years. At 18% pensioners in London have a lower poverty rate than working-age adults and children.
  • For working-age adults the poverty rate has risen. In the last decade the proportion in poverty grew 3 percentage points in London to 26% and 2 percentage points in the rest of England to 20%.

Poverty rates by age group

What does this graph show?

The graph shows the proportion of people in three groups (children, working-age adults and pensioners) in poverty in the three years to 2013/14 and ten years earlier. It compares the poverty rates for Inner and Outer London with the rest of England.

In the three years to 2013/14, Inner London had a higher poverty rate than Outer London for each group. In turn Outer London had a higher poverty rate than the rest of England.

Children in Inner London had the highest poverty rate at 46%, 13 percentage points higher than in Outer London and 20 percentage points higher than in the rest of England. But these gaps are smaller than they were a decade ago, as the child poverty rate has fallen in Inner London over the last 10 years, while in Outer London it slightly increased and in the rest of England it slightly decreased.

The pensioner poverty rate has seen the most significant fall over the last ten years, both in London and the rest of England, dropping by 6 percentage points in Inner London, 5 percentage points in Outer London and 11 percentage points in the rest of England. At 18% pensioners in London have a lower poverty rate than working-age adults and children.

But for working-age adults the poverty rate has risen. In the last decade the proportion in poverty grew 3 percentage points in London to 26% and 2 percentage points in the rest of England to 20%.

Data used

Households Below Average Income, DWP

Indicator last updated: 15 October 2015