London's Poverty Profile has been created by one of the London's largest charitable funders, Trust for London, and the independent think tank, New Policy Institute.
Rough sleeping in London
- The number of rough sleepers found by outreach teams has more than doubled since 2007
- A growing number of these rough sleepers are new
- Rough sleepers from central and eastern Europe make up an increasingly large proportion, though the single biggest group are from the UK
Rough sleepers in London
What does this graph show?
The figures in the graph show the number of people each year in London that were in contact with services for rough sleepers. In 2012/13, around 6,400 people were seen sleeping rough at least once over the course of the year by street outreach teams. This is a rise of 750 people compared to the year before and almost double the level of four years earlier.
Of all the rough sleepers in 2012/13, just under half (2,900) were UK nationals and just over one quarter (1,800) were from Central or Eastern Europe. There has been a rise in the number of rough sleepers of all nationalities in the last year.
The statistics also show that almost 90% of those sleeping rough are men. The spread of ages of those sleeping rough is quite wide. Around one in eight are aged under 25, with around one quarter aged 26-35. Half of all rough sleepers are aged 36-55.
4,400 of all those seen rough sleeping in 2011-12 were in contact with outreach teams for the first time, around two-thirds of the total. But almost 2,100 had slept rough before, around 230 more than the year before.
For the purpose of obtaining the most accurate figure, following consultation, the government has widened the definition of rough sleeping to include those people who are clearly just about to sleep rough on the night of the street count but are not yet doing so. The production of guidelines for estimates and street counts has been passed from government to the homeless charity Homeless Link, who will also take responsibility for ensuring the independent verification of counts in the future.
Homeless Link's Survey of Needs and Provisions 2010 found that:
- Homeless day centres in London see an average of 113 people a day.
- 32% of homelessness projects in London reported that the majority of their clients are rough sleepers.
- The issues that London homelessness services reported ranged from services for drug users and Eastern Europeans to a lack of space or spaces being unused because of restricted referral systems. The most common answer given was funding (38%), followed by move-on accommodation and support (32%).
CHAIN, data provided by Broadway
Indicator last updated: 11 October 2013
- Barking and Dagenham
- City of London
- Hammersmith and Fulham
- Kensington and Chelsea
- Kingston upon Thames
- Richmond upon Thames
- Tower Hamlets
- Waltham Forest
- Households accepted as homeless by borough
- Households accepted as homeless and in temporary accommodation
- Temporary accommodation by borough
- Length of stay in temporary accommodation
- Mortgage repossessions by borough
- Landlord repossessions by borough
- Temporary accommodation by tenure
- Overcrowded households by tenure over time
- House prices by borough
- Changes to Housing Benefit
- London households affected by Housing Benefit changes
- Rental shortfall resulting from Housing Benefit changes
- Housing tenure
- Local Housing Allowance recipients in London
- Local Housing Allowance recipients by borough
- Long term view of tenure and a focus on 2011
- Poverty by tenure
- Private sector housing costs
- Overcrowded households across London
- Affordable housing completions
- Households placed in temporary accommodation outside their borough
- Mortgage and landlord possessions over time
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To be formally recognised as homeless, the person or household must either lack a 'licence to occupy' a home, be unable to access their normal accommodation, or it must be considered unreasonable for them to have to occupy the home they are in
(Adapted from the Housing Act 1996 Part VII para 175)