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Inequalities in life expectancy

Key points

  • The neighbouring boroughs of Kensington & Chelsea and Westminster have the highest gaps in male life expectancy. A man in the most deprived areas can expect to live 8 years less than a man in the least deprived.
  • For women, the biggest gap is in Camden - 7 years - which also has the third highest gap for men.
  • In most boroughs, the gap in male life expectancy is bigger than the gap in female life expectancy.

Inequalities in life expectancy

Inequalities in Life Expectancy.png

What does this graph show?

The graph uses data from two difference sources to look at health inequalities within boroughs, comparing life expectancy in the most and least deprived areas in each borough.

Life expectancy gaps for men range from 8 years in Westminster and Kensington and Chelsea to one year in Lambeth and two years in Barking and Dagenham, Lewisham, Southwark, Greenwich and Hackney.

For women, gaps tend to be lower, and as a result the range is slightly smaller. The largest gap among women is seven years in Camden. The smallest gap is half a year in Lambeth.

Over time life expectancy has increased across London for men and women. Looking at the overall life expectancy by borough, it is possible to detect some similarities, though they are quite weak. Those areas with low life expectancy have low gaps. This is unsurprising as we would expect to see less variation in a small average number than a larger one. There are, though, areas that have high life expectancy and low inequality - Richmond and Harrow are two such examples.

Data used

The data on life expectancy comes from the ONS - it gives us the life expectancy for every Middle Super Output Area in London (MSOAs are areas that contain between 2,000 and 6,000 households). This is then matched with data from the Index of Multiple Deprivation, to give us a figure for the most and least deprived quarter of areas in each borough. Figures are given separately for men and women.

ONS, Life Expectancy and Healthy Life Expectancy and DCLG Index of Multiple Deprivation, data is for 2009 to 2013

Indicator last updated: 1 March 2016